Armenian Prime Minister Nikol Pashinyan on Thursday addressed thousands of allies who answered his call to rally in the capital Yerevan in a show of support after the military called for his resignation.
Pashinyan told the army to do its job and defend the country, and said that Armenians would not allow a military coup to take place. He said the question of his resignation could only be decided by the people.
“The situation is tense, but we must agree that there cannot be clashes,” Pashinyan told his supporters through a megaphone, adding that the new political instability that follows months of protests against his rule was “manageable”.
An estimated 20,000 people had flooded onto a central square, according to an AFP journalist, only a kilometre away from an opposition protest where some 10,000 demonstrators were calling on Pashinyan to step down.
Pashinyan had urged supporters to take to the streets Thursday, after months of tensions over his handling of last year’s war with Azerbaijan.
He later called on the opposition to stop protesting and invited them to hold talks to discuss the political crisis.
The country’s top military brass had demanded the prime minister resign earlier in the day, setting off a potential power struggle in the Caucasus nation.
Pashinyan denounced the statement as a coup attempt.
“I consider the statement of the General Staff of the Armed Forces an attempted military coup. I invite all of our supporters to Republic Square right now,” he wrote on Facebook, referring to a central square in Yerevan.
Pashinyan also fired the head of the general staff Onik Gasparyan, after his office released a statement demanding the prime minister and his cabinet step down after the sacking of deputy chief of staff Tigran Khachatryan on Wednesday.
Khachatryan had ridiculed claims by Pashinyan that Iskander missiles supplied by Russia – Armenia’s main military ally – had failed to hit targets during last year’s war over the disputed Nagorno-Karabakh region.
The statement said the firing was made “exclusively on the basis of the personal feelings and ambitions” of Pashinyan.
Pashinyan and his government “are not capable of taking adequate decisions”, the statement said, denouncing “attacks by the authorities aimed at discrediting the Armed Forces”.
Kremlin spokesman Dmitry Peskov said Moscow was concerned by the events in Yerevan and called for calm. Ankara said it stood by Pashinyan’s democratically elected government.
“We strongly condemn the attempted coup in Armenia,” Turkish Foreign Minister Mevlut Cavusoglu told a news conference in Budapest.
Pashinyan has been under pressure since he signed a Russian-brokered peace deal that ended the conflict over Karabakh, an ethnic Armenian region that broke away from Azerbaijan’s control during a war in the early 1990s.
Fresh fighting erupted over the region in late September with Azerbaijani forces backed by ally Turkey making steady gains.
After six weeks of clashes and bombardment that claimed some 6,000 lives, a ceasefire deal was signed that handed over swathes of territory to Azerbaijan and allowed for the deployment of Russian peacekeepers.
Azerbaijan regained control of several regions around Karabakh that its separatist forces had seized in the 1990s war and the strategically and symbolically important town of Shusha.
The agreement was seen as a national humiliation for many in Armenia, though Pashinyan has said he had no choice but to agree or suffer even bigger losses.
It was met with protests in the capital Yerevan, where demonstrators stormed government offices on the night it was signed and have continued to regularly gather.
Pashinyan has rejected calls to resign and for early elections despite the building pressure.
The 45-year-old former newspaper editor came to power spearheading peaceful protests in 2018 and initially brought a wave of optimism to Armenia, a deeply impoverished ex-Soviet state that also borders Iran, Georgia and Turkey.
But his handling of the war has provoked fierce criticism from Pashinyan’s political opponents including former leader Serzh Sarkisian who was forced to resign in 2018.
(FRANCE 24 with AFP and REUTERS)
Sources from: France 24
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